Recognizing Vaccine-Induced Immune Thrombotic Thrombocytopenia

Critical Care Medicine


Online search of published medical literature through PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, and Google Scholar using the terms “COVID-19,” “vaccine,” “thrombosis” was performed. CONCLUSIONS: Vaccine-induced immune thrombotic thrombocytopenia is a serious complication of vaccination that is not feasible to anticipate or prevent. When the patient presents with sustained headache, neurologic symptoms/signs, abdominal pain, dyspnea, or limb pain/swelling beginning 5–30 days post vaccination, platelet count and d-dimer must be measured, and imaging for thrombosis performed. Confirmation of vaccine-induced immune thrombotic thrombocytopenia diagnosis should be ordered (platelet factor 4/polyanion enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay; platelet factor 4–enhanced platelet activation testing) as treatment is initiated (nonheparin anticoagulation, IV immunoglobulin).

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