VITT following Ad26.COV2.S vaccination presenting without radiographically demonstrable thrombosis

U.S, 17 November 2021, Kennedy et al, Blood Advances


We report a case of vaccine-induced immune thrombotic thrombocytopenia (VITT) in a young man diagnosed 13 days after Ad26.COV2.S COVID-19 (Johnson & Johnson/Janssen) vaccination. He presented to us with 5 days of progressive left leg pain, thrombocytopenia, hypofibrinogenemia, and markedly elevated d-dimers, but without radiographically demonstrable thrombosis. Despite negative imaging, we initiated treatment of presumptive VITT given the striking clinical picture that included the timing of his recent adenovirus-based COVID-19 vaccine, leg symptoms, marked thrombocytopenia, and consumptive coagulopathy. He received intravenous immune globulin, prednisone, and argatroban and was discharged 7 days later much improved

. His positive platelet factor 4 enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay antibody test returned after treatment was initiated. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of VITT following Ad26.COV2.S vaccination presenting without radiographically demonstrable thrombosis. Our patient highlights the importance of knowing vaccine status and initiating treatment as soon as possible in the right clinical setting, even in the absence of radiographic evidence of thrombus. Early VITT recognition and treatment provide an opportunity to prevent serious thrombotic complications.

Visual Abstract

Download PDF

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s